James Burnam's liberal-conservative-reactionary test

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Paul K. has found James Burnam's liberal-conservative-reactionary test (in an article in The New Criterion) and sent it along. As Paul notes, "Except for a few anachronisms, it's surprisingly apt." Here is the test, plus Burnham's lead-in and follow-up paragraphs, from Suicide of the West, pp. 39-42:

It is not too difficult to devise a fairly accurate diagnostic for liberalism. In individual and group experiments over the past several years I have often used, for example, the following set of thirty-nine sentences. The patient is merely asked whether he agrees or disagrees with each sentence--agrees or disagrees by and large, without worrying over fine points.

Created by: leotmagnificent of New Britannian Empire
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  1. What is your age?
  2. What is your gender?
  1. All forms of racial segregation and discrimination are wrong.
  2. Everyone is entitled to his own opinion.
  3. Everyone has a right to free, public education.
  4. Political, economic or social discrimination based on religious belief is wrong.
  5. In political or military conflict it is wrong to use methods of torture and physical terror.
  6. A popular movement or revolt against a tyranny or dictatorship is right, and deserves approval.
  7. The government has a duty to provide for the ill, aged, unemployed and poor if they cannot take care of themselves.
  8. Progressive income and inheritance taxes are the fairest form of taxation.
  9. If reasonable compensation is made, the government of a nation has the legal and moral right to expropriate private property within its borders, whether owned by citizens or foreigners.
  10. We have a duty to mankind; that is, to men in general.
  11. The United Nations, even if limited in accomplishment, is a step in the right direction.
  12. Any interference with free speech and free assembly, except for cases of immediate public danger or juvenile corruption, is wrong.
  13. Wealthy nations, like the United States, have a duty to aid the less privileged portions of mankind.
  14. Colonialism and imperialism are wrong.
  15. Hotels, motels, stores and restaurants in southern United States ought to be obliged by law to allow Africans to use all of their facilities on the same basis as whites.
  16. The chief sources of delinquency and crime are ignorance, discrimination, poverty and exploitation.
  17. Communists have a right to express their opinions.
  18. We should always be ready to negotiate with the Soviet Union and other communist nations.
  19. Corporal punishment, except possibly for small children, is wrong.
  20. All nations and peoples, including the nations and peoples of Asia and Africa, have a right to political independence when a majority of the population wants it.
  21. We always ought to respect the religious beliefs of others.
  22. The primary goal of international policy in the nuclear age ought to be peace.
  23. Except in cases of a clear threat to national security or, possibly, to juvenile morals, censorship is wrong.
  24. Congressional investigating committees are dangerous institutions, and need to be watched and curbed if they are not to become a serious threat to freedom. [Obviously referring to HUAAC-type hearings.]
  25. The money amount of school and university scholarships ought to be decided primarily by need.
  26. Qualified teachers, at least at the university level, are entitled to academic freedom: that is, the right to express their own beliefs and opinions, in or out of the classroom, without interference from administrators, trustees, parents or public bodies.
  27. In determining who is to be admitted to schools and universities, quota systems based on color, religion, family or similar factors are wrong. [Here he is referring to quotas favoring whites.]
  28. The national government should guarantee that all adult citizens, except for criminals and the insane, should have the right to vote.
  29. Joseph McCarthy was probably the most dangerous man in American public life during the fifteen years following the Second World War.
  30. There are no significant differences in intellectual, moral or civilizing capacity among human races and ethnic types.
  31. Steps toward world disarmament would be a good thing.
  32. Everyone is entitled to political and social rights without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
  33. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and expression.
  34. Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression.
  35. The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government.
  36. Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security.
  37. Everyone has the right to equal pay for equal work.
  38. Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions.
  39. Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.

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